Friday, October 19, 2012

Ethnic Lampung

Ethnic Lampung which is called Pita Lampung [The Lampung] is traditionally geographically tribe that occupies the entire province of Lampung and most provinces of South Sumatra southern and central regions occupy Martapura, Muaradua in Komering Ulu, Wood Court, Cape King Komering Ilir, Merpas to the south of Bengkulu and Cikoneng on the west coast of Banten .
Origin of
The origin Ulun Lampung Lampung is closely related to its own terms. Lampung word itself comes from the word "factoring stomach" meaning derived from this height as the nation puyang Lampung first settled Sekala Brak occupy upland slopes of Mount Pesagi. As I Tsing who visited Sekala Brak after the visit of Srivijaya and he called for the occupants to-Langpohwang this State. In the Hokkien language, a dialect spoken by I-Tsing To Langpohwang means the top and as we know Pesagi and Sekala brak plateau is the highest peak ground Lampung.
Prof. Hilman Hadikusuma in his book (Lampung Customs: 1983) states that the first generation came from Lampung Ulun Sekala Brak, at the foot of Mount Pesagi, West Lampung. Based on recent research note that Paksi Brak Pak Sekala experienced two eras the Buddhist and Hindu era Keratuan Islamic Sultanate era. The kingdom is situated on a plateau at the foot of Mount Sekala Brak Pesagi (the highest mountain in Lampung) that became the forerunner of Lampung ethnic tribes today.
It is reported that the founder Paksi Tambo in Pak Sekala Brak respectively the Queen walks in the Way, Queen Nyerupa, Queen Pernong and Umpu Belunguh. The arrival of the founders Umpu Paksi not simultaneously, based on recent research note that the spread of Islam and the renewal of Indigenous done after arrival Umpu Belunguh to Sekala Brak Sekerumong fighting and eventually won by unions Paksi Pak so began the era of the Islamic Sultanate in Sekala Brak. Fourth Umpu this is the forerunner Paksi Sekala Brak Pak as revealed codex Kuntara Raja Niti. However, in the book version Kuntara Raja Niti, Puyang name is Inder Elephant, Mr. Lang, Sikin, Belunguh, and Indarwati. Based Kuntara Raja Niti, Prof. Hilman Hadikusuma formulate hypotheses Lampung Ulun descent as follows:
Inder Elephants
Degree: Umpu Lapah on Way
Position: Peak Dalom, Flip Mount
Heredity: People Abung

Mr. Lang
Degree: Umpu Pernong
Position: Hanibung, Stone Brak
Heredity: People Pubian

Degree: Umpu Nyerupa
Position: Looks Siring, Sukau
Heredity: Power incarnate

Degree: Umpu Belunguh
Position: Recognize, Belalau
Heredity: Peminggir

Degree: Princess Moon
Position: Cenggiring, Stone Brak
Heredity: Bone Onions


Basically Jurai Ulun Lampung is derived from Sekala Brak, but in its development, in general indigenous Lampung is two indigenous peoples and indigenous Lampung Lampung Saibatin Pepadun. Indigenous Saibatin thick with aristokrasinya value, whereas Indigenous Pepadun emerging later then after Sheba performed by Abung to Banten more developed with different values ​​of democracy with aristocratic values ​​are still firmly held by Indigenous Saibatin.

Indigenous Lampung Saibatin

Indigenous peoples inhabit Saibatin Lampung: Labuhan Maringgai, Pugung, Jabung, Way Jepara, Desaru, Raja Basa, Betung Bay, Padang Mirror, Cukuh Balak, Way Lima, Talang Padang, City Attorney, Semaka, Suoh, Sekincau, Stone Brak, Belalau, Liwa, Coastal Krui, Ranau, Martapura, Muara Dua, Wood Court, there are four cities in the province of South Sumatra , Cikoneng Beach Banten and even Merpas in South Bengkulu . Indigenous Saibatin often also called the Coastal Lampung because most live along the coast of east, south and west of the float, each consisting of:
  • Paksi Pak Sekala Brak (West Lampung)
  • Bandar Enom Semaka (Tanggamus)
  • Marga Five Way Five (Pesawaran)
  • Keratuan rolling (East Lampung)
  • Blood Keratuan White (South Lampung)
  • Keratuan Komering (Province of South Sumatra )
  • Cikoneng Pak Pekon (Provincial Bantam )

Indigenous Lampung Pepadun

Pepadun habitual Society / Inland consists of:
  • Abung Siwo Mego (Unyai, Unyi, Subing, Uban, Children Tuha, Fireflies, Beliyuk, Selagai, Nyerupa). Abung community inhabiting seven traditional regions: Kotabumi, East Seputih, Sukadana, Labuhan Maringgai, Jabung, Mount Sugih, and Terbanggi.
  • Mego Mr. Tulangbawang (Umpu Puyang, Puyang Month, Aji Puyang, Puyang Tegamoan). Communities inhabiting Tulangbawang four traditional regions: Menggala, Mesuji, Panaragan, and Wiralaga.
  • Pubian Telu tribe (or tribe Minak Tuha Patih Manyarakat, Demat Minak Tambapupus Lanca or tribe, or Tribal Minak explosives Hulu Bukujadi). Communities inhabiting Pubian eight indigenous territories: Tanjungkarang, Balau, Bukujadi, Tegineneng, Seputih West, Queen Padang, Gedungtataan, and Pugung.
  • Sungkay-Waykanan Buay Lima (Leaders, Bahuga, Semenguk, Baradatu, Barasakti, the five descendants of King Tijang snout). Community-Waykanan Sungkay inhabit nine indigenous territories: Great State, Ketapang, Pakuan Queen, Sungkay, Flower Mayang, Blambangan Umpu, Baradatu, Bahuga, and Kasui.
Philosophy of Life Ulun Lampung
Philosophy of Life Ulun Lampung contained in the book Kuntara Raja Niti, namely:
  • Piil-Pusanggiri (shame doing despised by religious and self-esteem)
  • Juluk-Adok (has a personality in accordance with customary title bears)
  • Nemui-Nyimah (visiting each other to stay in touch and receive friendly guest)
  • Nengah-Nyampur (socially active in the community and not individualistic)
  • Sakai-Sambaian (mutual help and mutual aid with other community members)
The above properties are denoted with a 'five flowers decorate sigor' the symbol of Lampung province .
The properties of the Lampung is also expressed in adi-adi (poem):
Tandani ulun Lampung, wat piil-pusanggiri
Honor Heno sehitung, wat Liom ghega dighi
Juluk-adok Gham pegung, nemui-nyimah muaghi
Nengah mak-nyampugh ngungkung, sakai-Sambaian heavenly.

Language Lampung

Full article in English Lampung
Lampung language, is a language that was spoken by Ulun Lampung in Lampung, Palembang and the south west coast of Banten.
These languages ​​include Sundik branch, of the Malayo-Polynesian and western is still close related to Sundanese , Batak , Javanese , Balinese , Malay and so on.
Based on the map languages, Lampung has two subdilek. First, the dialect A (fire) used by ulun Sekala Brak, rolling Maringgai, White Blood Rajabasa, Balau Telukbetung, Semaka City Attorney, Coastal Krui, Ranau, Komering and Power (a habitual Lampung Saibatin), and the Right Way, Sungkai, and Pubian (a habitual Lampung Pepadun). Second, subdialek O (nyo) used by ulun Abung and Tulangbawang (a habitual Lampung Pepadun).
Dr. Van Royen classify the Two Sub Lampung language dialect, the dialect or dialects Belalau Fire and Dialects Abung or Nyow.

Script Lampung

Full article in Lampung script
Script called Had Lampung Lampung is a form of writing that has a relationship with the Pallava script of South India. Various kinds of writing phonetic syllables are like the vowels in Arabic letters using fathah signs on the top row and kasrah signs on the bottom line but not using dammah sign in the front row but using the mark on the back, each sign has its own name .
Had it means the two elements that influenced Lampung Pallava alphabet and Arabic alphabet. Had Lampung has a form of kinship with Rencong script , script and script Bugis Rejang Bengkulu. Had Lampung consists of the parent letter, letter kid, kids double letters and consonant clusters, there is also lambing, numbers and punctuation marks. Had Lampung termed KaGaNga written and read from left to right with the Parent Letter totaling 20 pieces.
Lampung script has undergone development or change. Formerly Had Lampung fashioned much more complex. So that made ​​improvements to known now. letters or Had Lampung is taught in schools today is the result of these improvements.

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